Daytona Beach Foundation Contractors

Foundation Specialists of Daytona Beach

We are highly skilled with installing foundations of any kind including the common T-shaped foundation and concrete slab foundations.

We believe that the foundation is the most important part of your structure and our experts are knowledgeable about all the aspects that factor into building it. As the part of the building or home that comes into direct contact with the soil or rock in the ground, the foundation serves one of the most important functions for the structure. The main function is to transfer the load of the building or home to the soil without moving or settling. 

Foundations can damage if the soil under it moves. Soil has what is referred to as an “active zone,” which describes the depth range at which soil can change in response to moisture conditions. When conditions allow, it is best to dig below the “active zone” to pour the concrete. Soil composition varies from region to region and can include expansive clay soils, select fill/loam, sand, or rock. 

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How Soil Conditions Impact Foundations

Expansive clay soils will swell and contract in response to moisture variations. It is very important to dig deep foundations that go beyond the active zone in order to protect against seasonal moisture changes.

Select Fill/Loam is commonly referred to as sandy loam. These soil conditions experience little change in response moisture. So long as the concrete slab is built correctly, sandy loam usually supports a foundation. We only really see problems if soil erosion occurs.

Sand does not expand or contract in response to moisture changes and usually provide favorable soil conditions. We see problems with sandy soil if the drainage around the lot was improperly installed or not considered in the construction of the structure.  When sand erodes, water can get under the foundation and create problems. Sand can also sometimes fall into a crack in the concrete and cause the foundation to move. 

Rock needs special consideration if the ground is sloped or if the soil contains low density shale. There are techniques that are integral in supporting a structure’s foundation in rocky soil conditions such as pinning rocks on a slope with tie back anchors to prevent the rock from sliding if it ever fractures. 

 

Some soils have a mixed composition requiring special consideration in the engineering of the foundation. For example, half of the structure could sit on clay and the other half could sit on sand or rock making the proper construction of the concrete foundation especially important. 

Thankfully, less than 50% of the soil in the Daytona Beach Region contains little to no clay and thus has a lower probability of continually swelling and contracting. Our professional concrete contractors understand the soil conditions in our area and how it will affect the foundation of your structure. For particularly complex soil conditions, we consult a geotechnical engineer to take soil samples to better understand how it will expand and contract in response to the weather conditions.

Settling and Cracks

It is common for concrete to crack over time. There are a few conditions that lead to cracks in a foundation including settlement, weather extremes, shrinkage, and expansive soils. Proper maintenance can help to prevent cracks or other issues related to settling. This may include watering the soil that is adjacent to the foundation during lengthy droughts. This can prevent the foundation from drying out which increases the likelihood of foundation cracks. Proper drainage is necessary to keep excessive water away from the foundation during wet months. Natural slopes in the terrain should not lead to the foundation without proper drainage. Make sure you have fully functioning and clean gutters to ensure that the water from your roof is transferred away from the foundation of your home or building. Also be mindful of the trees that you plant or those that are growing close to your home. The roots from trees can cause problems to your concrete foundation. Another strategy for maintaining your foundation is to visually inspect it often. Look at your foundation during a heavy rainfall to record any areas that seem to be collecting excessive water.  Look for large cracks or other signs of movement. If you notice any warning signs then it is best to contact Daytona Beach Concrete Contractors to assess the problem and provide you with the options to solve it. Small problems with foundations usually have a lower cost to fix. Smaller problems rarely fix themselves and almost always lead to larger, more costly problems the longer they go unaddressed. 

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There is usually no reason to be alarmed with foundation cracks. Cracks in concrete naturally occur as the foundation experiences climate changes or settles. For peace of mind, you can always give us a call to discuss the cracks and we can steer you in the right direction. Some minor cracks can be fixed by a handy homeowner, but you should know that even a small crack in the foundation can grow over time if there is an underlying problem that goes unnoticed. Larger foundation cracks are more concerning as they may allow water or pests to penetrate your home, or they could lead to cracks in your drywall among many other problems. You also want to take note of the direction of any foundation crack. Cracks that run horizontally or diagonally through the foundation wall, or cracks that are large (⅛ inch) are signs of a significant structural problem that needs immediate attention. If this situation applies to you then you should contact Daytona Beach Concrete Contractors as soon as possible to fix the problem.  

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